Dexter Breed Standard

Breed standard

Colour:
    Wholly black, wholly red and wholly dun are of equal merit. A little white will not disqualify but must be             limited to;
    Bull
    A small amount on the organs of generation and in the tassel of the tail. There must be no white forward of     the naval or on any other part of the body.
    Cow
    A small amount on the udder and underline, in the tassel of the tail and on the vulva. There must be no         white forward of the naval or on any other part of the body.
Type
    Both carriers and non carriers of the chondrodysplasia gene are of equal merit.
Head
    Short, broad and tapering towards broad muzzle. Jaws wide enough to accommodate well placed teeth         with an even bite. Eyes bright and prominent.
Neck
    Deep, thick and of proportionate length, blending well into the shoulder. Head should be carried above the     spine.
Horns
    Moderately thick, with an inward, upward curve. Removal of horns will not be penalised in the show ring.        Polled animals are acceptable but must be notified at registration.
Body
    Ample brisket giving plenty of room for the heart and lungs. Well sprung ribs. Wide across the loin.                 Quarters thick and deep. Broad full hips and well rounded rump. Straight top line with tail set level with            spine.
    Bull
    Well hung testicles of even size. Four well defined, well placed and evenly spaced teats.
    Cow
    Udder should be well attached with high and wide rear attachment and a strong  median suspensory             ligament. The four teats should be of medium size, well placed on the udder, hanging plumb and of equal        length. All four quarters should be of equal size.
Legs
    Good width between both front and back legs. Legs should be of moderate length  in proportion to body         size, squarely placed under the body and perpendicular when viewed from the rear.
Feet
    Feet should be short toed, deep heeled and level soled. They should not turn inwards or outwards.
Skin
    Loose and pliable. Hair short and sleek in summer, longer and thicker in winter.
Size
    Bull
    Between 101cm and 121cm at the rump
    Cow
    Between 96cm and 111cm at the rump
Weight
    Dead weight of steers up to 36 months old must not exceed 200kg
    Dead weight of females up to 36 months old must not exceed 150kg 


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Traditional Breed Standard
Animals must be genotyped and tested for chondrodysplasia, colour, polling and scur horns to be judged by this standard.

Colour
    Wholly black and wholly red are of equal merit. Animals which carry the gene for
    the colour dun do not qualify. A little white will not disqualify but must be limited to
    Bull
    A small amount on the organs of generation and in the tassel of the tail. There must be no white forward of     the naval or on any other part of the body.
    Cow
    A small amount on the udder and underline, in the tassel of the tail and on the vulva. There must be no         white forward of the naval or on any other part of the body.
Type
    Both carriers and non carriers of the chondrodysplasia gene are of equal merit.
Head
    Short, broad and tapering towards broad muzzle. Jaws wide enough to accommodate well placed teeth         with an even bite. Eyes bright and prominent.
Neck
    Deep, thick and of proportionate length, blending well into the shoulder. Head should be carried above the     spine.
Horns
    Moderately thick, with an inward, upward curve. Removal of horns will not be penalised in the show ring.        Polled animals or carriers of the gene for scur horns do not qualify. 
Body
    Ample brisket giving plenty of room for the heart and lungs. Well sprung ribs. Wide across the loin.                 Quarters thick and deep. Broad full hips and well rounded rump. Straight top line with tail set level with            spine.
    Bull
    Well hung testicles of even size. Four well defined, well placed and evenly spaced teats.
    Cow
    Udder should be well attached with high and wide rear attachment and a strong  median suspensory            ligament. The four teats should be of medium size, well placed on the udder, hanging plumb and of equal        length. All four quarters should be of equal size.
Legs
    Good width between both front and back legs. Legs should be of moderate length  in proportion to body         size, squarely placed under the body and perpendicular when viewed from the rear.
Feet
    Feet should be short toed, deep heeled and level soled. They should not turn inwards or outwards.
Skin
    Loose and pliable. Hair short and sleek in summer, longer and thicker in winter.
Size 
    Bull
    Carriers of the  chondrodysplasia gene maximum 107cm at the rump
    Non carriers of the  chondrodysplasia gene maximum 117cm at the rump
    Cow
    Carriers of the  chondrodysplasia gene maximum 97cm at the rump
    Non carriers of the  chondrodysplasia gene maximum 107cm at the rump