Dexter Breed Standard

~ courtesy of the Dexter Cattle Society, UK

The Dexter is a dual purpose breed with both beef and dairy qualities. In judging, both these qualities will be taken into consideration.

Colour
Wholly black, wholly red and wholly dun are of equal merit. A little white will not disqualify but must be limited to:
Bull    A small amount on the organs of generation and in the tassel of the tail. There must be no white forward of the navel or on any other part of the body.

Cow   A small amount on the udder and underline, in the tassel of the tail and on the vulva. There must be no white forward of the navel or on any other part of the body.

Type
Both types of Dexter, i.e. short legged and non-short legged, are of equal merit. However, extremes of either type are discouraged.

Head
Short and broad, tapering gracefully towards a broad muzzle. Jaws wide enough to accommodate well-placed teeth with an even bite. Eyes bright and prominent, with a kind and placid expression.

Neck
Deep and thick, but not too short or too long, blending well into the shoulder. Head should be carried above the spine.

Horns
Moderately thick, with an inward, upward curve. Removal of horns will not be penalised in the show ring. Polled animals are acceptable, but must be notified in writing.

Body
Ample brisket giving plenty of room for the heart and lungs: well sprung ribs: wide across the loin. Quarters thick and deep, broad and full hips, well rounded rump. Straight top line with tail set level with spine.
Bull   Well hung testicles of even size. Four well defined teats, well placed and evenly spaced.

Cow   Udder should be well attached with high and wide rear attachment and a strong median suspensory ligament. The four teats should be of medium size, well placed on the udder, hanging plumb and of equal length. All four quarters should be of equal size.

Legs
Good width between both front and back legs. Legs should be of moderate length in proportion to body size, squarely placed under the body and perpendicular when viewed from the rear.

Feet
Feet should be short toed, deep heeled and level soled. They should not turn inwards or outwards.

Skin
Loose and pliable. Hair short and sleek in summer, longer and thicker in winter.

Size
Bull   Between 106 and 121cm at the rump. (42 and 48 inches)

Cow   Between 96 and 111cm at the rump. (38 and 44 inches)